President Obama’s new program, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, is where some individuals may “defer” their removal by a two year period. This is a temporary program in which a specific low risk group of people are able to remain in the United States temporarily as opposed to being deported.
An individual may receive work authorization and apply for a Social Security card when an applicant files an application with the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. This will not permit lawful permanent residency status nor provide a path for citizenship because it is a temporary program. Furthermore, beneficiaries of this program, if working, will be paying Social Security taxes even though they will not be able to collect the benefits in the future. If the beneficiary’s status happens to change in the future, they may collect the benefit from the time they were employed. During the program though, they are not eligible for any Social Security benefits.